Friday, December 18, 2015

Satyr Tragopan (Tragopan Satyra)

The Satyr Tragopan is a rare resident pheasant which occurs at high elevations in the Himalaya. Male Satyr's are 68cm and are a bright crimson red with white spots. Females are smaller and less conspicuous.
Tragopans are often called “horned pheasants” because they display horn-like projections during courtship. They have an Asian distribution and belong to the Pheasant family, Phasianidae. 4 out of the 5 known species occur in India.
Image: Satyr Tragopan male
Photographer: James Ownby
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Saturday, December 12, 2015

Iron Ore in India

India produced 144mt of iron ore in 2012 contributing about five percent of global iron ore production. The country's iron ore reserves are estimated at 8.1bt containing 5.2bt iron.
Six Indian states including Jharkhand, Odisha, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Karnataka and Goa account for over 95% of the country's total iron ore reserves. India's biggest iron ore producing state is Orissa, followed by Karnataka and Chhattisgarh. State-controlled National Mineral Development Corporation (NMDC) is the biggest iron ore producing company in India.

Tuesday, December 8, 2015

Mica in India

India is a major producer of Mica in the world. It is the largest producer of sheet mica. According to British Geological Survey, the world’s largest deposit of mica is at Koderma district in the state of Jharkhand (India). About 95% of India’s mica is distributed in just three states of Jharkhand, Andhra Pradesh and Rajasthan.
1. Jharkhand: Jharkhand has richest mica belt and accounts for 60% of India’s production in terms of value. Here, mica is found in a belt extending for about 150 km in length and 32 km in width from Gaya district of Bihar to Hazaribagh and Koderma districts of Jharkhand. Koderma is a well-known place for mica production in Jharkhand which produces more than 50% of the total mica production in India.
2. Andhra Pradesh: This is the second largest producer and accounts for nearly 25% of India’s mica. The main belt lies in Nellore district and is 97 kms long and 24-30 km wide.
3. Rajasthan: The main mica-bearing belt of Rajasthan extends from Jaipur to Udaipur. This is 322 km long with an average width of 96 km. This is quite wide in its middle part near Bhilwara. The main mica-producing districts are Bhilwara, Jaipur, Tonk, Sikar, Dungarpur and Ajmer.
4. Other Producers: Some mica is produced in Maharashtra, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh. These areas account for just 1% mica production of India.

Sunday, December 6, 2015

Textile Weaving

Textile weaving is one of the main crafts of Madhya Pradesh. Sarees in subtle shades are woven in ppilaces like Chanderi, a village near Gwalior and Maheshwar. These sarees include a wide variety of checks with traditional gold borders. Madhya Pradesh’s craftsmen are equally adept at producing tassar silk handloom fabrics.
Thousands of craftsmen practice hand printing, generally with vegetable dyes. Tarapur and Umedpura, two villages on the opposite banks of the river Gujari, use indigo for their prints. The printers specialise in printing fabrics with a blue background and yellow and red prints, known as nandra. Garments, bedspreads, tablecloths and curtain material are produced here. Jawad also has a similar style of printing. Mandsaur produces excellent bandhanis as well as resist prints imitating the bandhani patterns. Sarees with batik work based on the local mandana traditions of floor and wall decorations have been developed here. Tie and dye chunaries are the speciality of Tarapur and Mandsaur. Skilled craftsmanship is also on display in a variety of zari-embroidered articles.